You can stop nearly all nosebleeds yourself at home


Nosebleeds (also called epistaxis) are very common. They can occur at any age but are twice as common in children.

Most nosebleeds are harmless and do not require treatment. Nosebleeds usually happen when a small blood vessel inside the nose lining bursts and bleeds. The lining of the nose has lots of tiny blood vessels, which warm the air as it enters the nose. This lining is very fragile and may break easily, causing bleeding.


You can stop nearly all nosebleeds yourself at home, simply follow these simple first aid steps:

  • Stay calm, if a child has a nosebleed then reassure them. Crying will make the bleeding worse
  • Sit upright and bend forward slightly. Use the thumb and forefinger to pinch the nose. Squeeze firmly over the soft part of the nose just above the nostrils. Hold for 10 minutes (time this, it’s longer than you think!) and then release the grip slowly. You may have to repeat this step until the bleeding stops
  • Do not keep checking whether the bleeding has stopped because the blood needs time to clot
  • Do not blow your nose once the bleeding has stopped otherwise it may bleed again
  • Breathe through your mouth while the nostrils are pinched
  • Spit out any blood that comes into your mouth
  • It may help to put a cold pack or cold cloth over your forehead or the bridge of the nose

Attendance to an Emergency Department is required if the above steps do not stop the bleeding, the bleeding is excessive, and/or  blood is coming from both nostrils. If you are on blood thinning medications you will need to take extra care.

Call 000 should excessive, uncontrolled bleeding occur.

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