How is pancreatic cancer diagnosed?
Pancreatic cancer can be difficult to diagnose in its early stages as the symptoms are similar to other much less serious stomach issues. The key to early detection is to look for a combination of symptoms and risk factors for the disease.
Doctors will use a combination of methods to determine if a patient has pancreatic cancer. These include:
- risk factors
What are the symptoms?
Often, patients won’t experience any symptoms until they are in the latter stages of pancreatic cancer. When patients do have symptoms, they can include:
- pain in the upper abdomen or back
- weight loss
- appetite loss
- nausea with or without vomiting
- recent type 2 diabetes diagnosis
- existing diabetes that’s getting harder to manage
- blood clots
What are the risk factors?
A risk factor is something that can increase a person’s chances of developing pancreatic cancer. When trying to determine if a patient may be at risk, a GP should look into the following risk factors:
- chronic pancreatitis
- family history of pancreatic cancer
What tests can diagnose pancreatic cancer?
A patient’s symptoms and risk factors help determine whether or not a doctor should investigate for pancreatic cancer. If pancreatic cancer is suspected, patients will need to undergo tests to confirm a diagnosis. The range of testing options available include:
- imaging – includes CT, PET and MRI scans