What is acquired brain injury?

An acquired brain injury (ABI) describes damage to the brain following a traumatic accident, injury or medical condition that has happened after birth which causes a change in how the brain functions.

Causes of brain injury


We will conduct a thorough evaluation to ensure an accurate diagnosis. If a brain injury is suspected, your doctor may arrange the following assessments to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Medical history
  • Neurological assessments and examinations
  • Medical imaging such as a CT, PET or MRI scan
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Neuropsychological testing
Neurology and neurosurgery

Get referred

To receive a diagnosis or treatment from an Epworth specialist, the first step is to schedule an appointment with your GP and request a referral.

Treatment and management

Your Epworth care team will work together with you and your family to plan the best approach to treatment and symptom management. Following a brain injury, your doctor may suggest the following:

Medical treatment

In cases of severe brain injury, the immediate focus is on stabilising your condition, such as controlling blood pressure and oxygen levels.


Surgery may be performed to remove blood clots, repair skull fractures, and alleviate pressure from swelling.


You may be prescribed medication to manage associated symptoms.


Epworth is internationally recognised for our expertise in brain injury rehabilitation and known for providing compassionate care to our patients and their families.

We are leaders in rehabilitation research. We use this research, our decades of experience and a team-based approach to help people rebuild strength and function, restore independence and regain confidence to live their best life.

We offer a range of neurological rehabilitation programs and specialty clinics that address the immediate recovery following a brain injury while also supporting long-term goals such as returning to sport, driving and independent living in your local community.

Ongoing management

Your Epworth care team will arrange follow-up appointments to assess treatment effectiveness and adjust treatment plans as needed.

Our locations

For brain injuries

Treatment locations

Neurological rehabilitation locations

Your care team at Epworth

The multidisciplinary team for brain injuries includes a neurosurgeon, neurologist and allied health professionals, such as an occupational therapist and speech pathologist.

Learn more about the health professionals in the neurology care team.

Neurology and neurosurgery

Choosing your Epworth specialist

Meet our specialist neurologists and neurosurgeons, accredited at Epworth.


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