What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. The disease causes the immune system to mistakenly attack the body, which can result in muscle weakness, difficulty with coordination and other symptoms.
What are the common symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
- Muscle weakness or stiffness
- Numbness or tingling in the face, arms, or legs
- Difficulty with coordination and balance
- Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision, or partial or complete vision loss
- Problems with concentration, memory or problem solving
What causes multiple sclerosis?
MS is a complex disease that likely results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Researchers are still trying to fully understand its underlying causes.
Can multiple sclerosis be prevented?
While MS cannot be prevented, early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. If you are experiencing symptoms of MS, it is important to speak your GP as soon as possible.
We will conduct a thorough evaluation to ensure an accurate diagnosis. If your doctor suspects multiple sclerosis, they may arrange the following to confirm the diagnosis:
- Neurological exam
- Medical imaging
- Lumbar puncture
Treatment and management
Your Epworth care team will work together with you and your family to plan the best approach to treatment and symptom management.
We offer a variety of effective and specialised treatment options to manage MS symptoms and improve quality of life.
Examples of treatment options include:
Your neurologist may prescribe medication to manage symptoms.
Coordination and care
Your Epworth neurologist may arrange referrals to other specialists such as occupational therapists, psychologists or physiotherapists to address associated challenges.
Your Epworth care team will arrange follow-up appointments to assess treatment effectiveness and adjust treatment plans as needed.
The Epworth Rehabilitation team work together to develop a personalised program tailored to your specific goals. Our specialised neurological rehabilitation and clinics focus on enhancing your physical and cognitive abilities, with the aim of getting you back to living your best life in your community. They promote independence and also offer emotional and psychological assistance to you and your family.
For multiple sclerosis
Your care team at Epworth
The multidisciplinary team for multiple sclerosis includes a specialist neurologist, occupational therapist, speech pathologist and physiotherapist.
Learn more about the health professionals in the neurology care team.