What is Infective encephalitis?

Infective encephalitis is a condition where the brain tissue becomes inflamed due to an infection. It happens when a virus, bacteria, fungus or parasite enters the body and infects the brain. This causes the immune system to react, resulting in inflammation in the brain.

What are some common symptoms of infective encephalitis?

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Speech and language difficulties
  • Muscle weakness


We will conduct a thorough evaluation to ensure an accurate diagnosis. If infective encephalitis is suspected, your doctor may arrange the following assessments to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Medical history
  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Imaging tests such as CT or MRI scan
Neurology and neurosurgery

Get referred

To receive a diagnosis or treatment from an Epworth specialist, the first step is to schedule an appointment with your GP and request a referral.

Treatment and management

Your Epworth care team will work together with you and your family to plan the best approach to treatment and symptom management.

Your Epworth doctor may suggest the following to help manage and reduce the impact of your symptoms:


Depending on the cause of your condition, you may be prescribed specific antiviral or antibiotic medications to manage symptoms.

Immune therapies

In some situations, immunotherapy can be used to adjust the immune response and decrease inflammation.


Our specialised neurological rehabilitation programs and clinics focus on enhancing your physical, functional and cognitive abilities while also providing emotional and psychological support and promoting independence.

Our locations

For infective encephalitis

Your care team at Epworth

The multidisciplinary team for infective encephalitis can include a specialist neurologist and allied health professionals, such as an occupational therapist and speech pathologist.

Learn more about the health professionals in the neurology care team.

Neurology and neurosurgery

Choosing your Epworth specialist

Meet our specialist neurologists and neurosurgeons, accredited at Epworth.


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